Aadhaar and Death Certificates: A quick guide and open questions

The Registrar General of India issued a notification on August 4, 2017 stating that the Aadhaar number (if not available, the Aadhaar enrolment ID) of the deceased is required for obtaining a death certificate with effect from October 1, 2017. The exceptions, to the otherwise nationally applicable notification, include Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, and Meghalaya. In the case that the deceased doesn’t have an Aadhaar, the relatives are required to submit a certificate stating the same. A false declaration in the certificate can further be treated as an offence under the provisions of the Aadhaar Act, 2016 and also the Registration of Birth and Death Act, 1969.

This raises the following important questions for which we believe more research and data are required:

  1. Is this making obtaining death certificates for relatives easier?
  2. Are officers easily accepting certificates when deceased does not have Aadhaar?
  3. What is the objective of this move? Will deaths data be submitted to UIDAI to update its database?Should it? Are there relevant privacy concerns?