About State of Aadhaar

Digital identities, and Aadhaar in particular, are transforming how individuals interact with each other, the modern economy, and the government. However, there are significant gaps in our knowledge of Aadhaar’s coverage and performance. More research and publicly available data—and a better way to access it—will further our understanding of Aadhaar.

IDinsight’s State of Aadhaar initiative aims to catalyse data-driven discourse and inform decision-making in the Aadhaar ecosystem. To achieve this objective, our website provides up-to-date data, research, news, and official documentation on Aadhaar. We have also released the State of Aadhaar Report 2016-17, which provides a landscape review of Aadhaar and highlights important areas of future research.

State of Aadhaar  is an IDinsight initiative and is supported by Omidyar Network.

About the report

More than a billion Indian residents now have a biometric digital identity: Aadhaar. Its use across various sectors is increasing rapidly. The State of Aadhaar Report 2016-17  aims to provide a comprehensive overview of Aadhaar’s technological and operational architecture, legal and governance framework, uses in financial inclusion and social protection, and emerging applications in other sectors. This report will also highlight policy-relevant research themes useful for decision-makers in the Aadhaar ecosystem.

Given the large scale and complicated nature of Aadhaar and its uses, we hope a summative report such as this one provides a much-needed pause to holistically reflect on the evolution of the Aadhaar landscape in the last decade. More importantly, we hope that this report will enable evidence-informed public discourse, decision making in the public and private sectors, and spur future policy-relevant research projects.


About the website

In addition to making the State of Aadhaar Report 2016-17  available online, our website provides five main resources for practitioners, researchers, civil society, and other stakeholders interested in digital identity systems:

  • Data Visualisations: We gather, analyse, and visualise available data on key focus areas, such as financial inclusion and social protection
  • Use-Case Database: We list and categorise the uses of Aadhaar by public and private sector players across various sectors
  • Literature Database: We collect and summarise key literature on Aadhaar and on the broad digital identity landscape
  • Data Library: We make available the data we have collected and organised on various sectors and programmes
  • Document Library: We aggregate important official documents pertaining to Aadhaar


About IDinsight

IDinsight is an international development consulting organisation that helps policymakers and managers make socially impactful decisions using rigorous evidence. We carefully tailor a wide range of analytical and quantitative tools to enable our clients to design better policies, rigorously test those ideas, and take informed action at scale to improve lives.

Our advisory teams have led embedded cells within ministries of state-level governments—including Andhra Pradesh and Bihar—and have worked in a wide range of sectors, including agriculture, education, health, and digital identity. We strive to provide comprehensive support for clients who want to maximise their social impact through evidence-informed policymaking.

IDinsight has offices in Delhi, Lusaka, Manila, Nairobi, San Francisco and Vijayawada. To learn more, visit www.IDinsight.org.


About Omidyar Network

Omidyar Network is a philanthropic investment firm. We create opportunity for people to improve their lives by investing in market-based efforts that catalyse economic and social change. In India, we focus our efforts on helping the 100’s of millions of Indians in low-income and lower-middle-income populations, which we define as ranging from the poorest among us to the existing middle class.

Omidyar Network has committed more than $1 billion to for-profit companies and nonprofit organisations that foster economic advancement and encourage individual participation across multiple areas, including Digital Identity, Education, Emerging Tech, Financial Inclusion, Governance & Citizen Engagement, and Property Rights.

To learn more, visit www.omidyar.com, and follow on Twitter @omidyarnetwork #PositiveReturns.


All the information behind the visualisations, datasets, and other resources on the State of Aadhaar  website are publicly available information from governmental and non-governmental institutions’ websites. State of Aadhaar  has accessed the data and, in some cases, conducted calculations. State of Aadhaar  does not own any of the data behind the visualisations/datasets and has presented them in this format for informational purposes only. State of Aadhaar  has made their best effort to ensure the information matches the original source but we make no representations or warranties about their accuracy and expressly disclaim any liabilities based on such information or on omissions. Each recipient should therefore conduct its own analysis of any information contained in this website.