This paper analyses how Aadhaar can be leveraged to improve delivery of welfare services in India. The paper presents the challenges associated with previous identity systems and how Aadhaar can tackle a number of these challenges. Further, it explains how different Aadhaar based systems such as Authentication work and showcases its use in specific domains.
Abstract: UIDAI offers a range of authentication services that enable a resident to authenticate themselves by providing relevant identity information such as demographics, biometrics, and One Time Pin (OTP). Aadhaar enabled applications primarily use electronic systems to deliver services. These applications are expected to be used in government as well as other sectors. The draft electronic services delivery bill envisions the migration of manual-based public services to efficient, automated electronic delivery of services over time. Aadhaar enables secure, scalable identity management platform for these electronic services as they get implemented.