About State of Aadhaar

Aadhaar provides identification to more than 1.2 billion Indian residents. Its scale, ability to uniquely identify individuals, and digital interface make it a compelling identification platform. These same features also raise questions about privacy, data security, and exclusion. The current debate on Aadhaar is binary in nature: either Aadhaar should be jettisoned or scaled aggressively. However, the facts on the ground—as revealed by our three-state survey on Aadhaar, the largest to date— support a more nuanced approach. Our report’s key takeaways explain why.

IDinsight’s State of Aadhaar initiative aims to catalyse data-driven discourse and decision-making in the Aadhaar ecosystem.

About IDinsight

IDinsight’s mission is to help policymakers and practitioners use rigorous data and evidence to make more socially impactful decisions. We carefully tailor a wide range of quantitative tools to help our clients design better public policies, rigorously test those ideas, and take informed action to improve lives at scale.

IDinsight leads learning partnerships across Asia and Africa, working with governments, multilaterals, foundations, social businesses, and innovative NGOs. We have worked with more than 70 clients across 17 states in India and more than a dozen countries. We work across a range of sectors, including digital ID, education, financial access, governance, health, and sanitation.

We have offices in Dakar, Johannesburg, Lusaka, Manila, Nairobi, New Delhi, San Francisco, and Washington, D.C. To learn more, visit www.IDinsight.org, and follow on Twitter @IDinsight

About Omidyar Network

Omidyar Network is a philanthropic investment firm. We create opportunity for people to improve their lives by investing in market-based efforts that catalyse economic and social change. In India, we focus our efforts on helping the hundreds of millions of lower-income Indians, from the poorest among us to the existing middle class.

Omidyar Network has committed more than $1 billion to for-profit companies and nonprofit organisations that foster economic advancement and encourage individual participation across multiple areas, including Digital Identity, Education, Emerging Tech, Financial Inclusion, Governance & Citizen Engagement, and Property Rights.

To learn more, visit www.omidyar.com, and follow on Twitter @omidyarnetwork #PositiveReturns.


The website was updated on May 24, 2018. As part of this, we added new resources, updated existing ones and archived some of those that were being sporadically used. If you would like access to any of our previous material, no longer available on the website, please write to us at [email protected]


All the information behind the visualisations, datasets, and other resources on the State of Aadhaar  website are publicly available information from governmental and non-governmental institutions’ websites. State of Aadhaar  has accessed the data and, in some cases, conducted calculations. State of Aadhaar  does not own any of the data behind the visualisations/datasets and has presented them in this format for informational purposes only. State of Aadhaar  has made their best effort to ensure the information matches the original source but we make no representations or warranties about their accuracy and expressly disclaim any liabilities based on such information or on omissions. Each recipient should therefore conduct its own analysis of any information contained in this website.