Abstract: The government of Rajasthan conceptualised the Bhamashah scheme in 2008. It is the first household1 -level identity system in India. The Bhamashah scheme ensures the creation of a centralised and comprehensive dataset (with demographic and socio-economic data) for residents of Rajasthan following the principle of “one family, one identity”. The objective of the Bhamashah scheme is financial inclusion, women’s empowerment, and effective government service delivery. More than 50 million people (79% of Rajasthan’s population as per census 20112) and 15 million households (83% of total households) have enrolled under Bhamashah scheme. MicroSave3 and The Center for Global Development4 jointly conducted a study on households’ perceptions and the impact of Bhamashah on digital governance reforms in Rajasthan.